THE COMMON EUROPEAN FRAMEWORK OF REFERENCE FOR LANGUAGES – CEFR


European framework of reference for languages Level Description Veris
general courses
C2 - Mastery Proficient User You can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. You can summarise any information and reconstruct arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. You can communicate fluently and effortlessly even in the most complex situations. You are a true master of a foreign language.  
C1 – Effective operational efficiency You can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. You can produce clear, well-structured and detailed texts on complex subjects. 10th level
You can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. You can express yourself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. 9th level
B2 – Vantage Independent User You can understand the main ideas of complex text and technical discussions in your field of specialisation. You can interact with a sufficient degree of fluency and spontaneity. 8th level
You can communicate with native speakers and take an active part in discussions on topical issues. You can understand articles and reports and contemporary literary prose. 7th level
B1 – Threshold You can understand longer conversations and lectures on familiar matters. You can express yourself quite fluently and spontaneously. You can write clear, detailed texts and narrate a story or relate a plot in sufficient detail. 6th level
You can deal with most situations in everyday life. You can enter into conversation on general topics, present your opinions and describe your experiences. 5th level
A2 – Waystage Basic User You can understand phrases and the most frequently used vocabulary related to areas of most immediate personal relevance. You can communicate in simple and routine tasks. 4th level
You can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information. You can understand short texts on the most basic, familiar topics. 3rd level
A1 – Breakthrough You can use very basic phrases and produce simple sentences when speaking or writing. You can understand short, simple texts. 2nd level
This is either your first contact with a foreign language or you learned it many years ago and have really forgotten virtually everything. 1st level